CONCEPT INVENTORY RESOURCES
Concept Inventories/Conceptual Assessments in Biology (CABs): Compiled1 by Kathy S. Williams (San Diego State University) and Erilynn T. Heinrichsen (University of Califronia, San Diego)
Flowering Plant Growth and Development (13 two-tiered MC items) ITEMS PROVIDED
Lin SW. 2004. Development and application of a two-tier diagnostic test for high school students’ understanding of flowering plant growth and development. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education 2: 175–199. [abstract; HTML] from springer.com
BREATHING AND RESPIRATION
Breathing and Respiration (12 two-tiered MC items) ITEMS PROVIDED
Mann M, Treagust DF. 1998. A pencil and paper instrument to diagnose students’ conceptions of breathing, gas exchange and respiration. Australian Science Teachers Journal 44: 55–59.
ENERGY AND MATTER
(total of 16 Diagnostic Question Clusters of 6-8 items each; some items appear in more than one DQC)
Diagnostic Question Clusters on Energy and Matter (DQCs) ITEMS PROVIDED
Wilson CD, Anderson CW, Heidemann M, Merrill JE, Merritt BW, Richmond G, Silbey DF, Parker JM. 2006. Assessing students’ ability to trace matter in dynamic systems in cell biology. CBE Life Sciences Education 5: 323–331. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/abs/10.1187/cbe.06-02-0142
Hartley LM, Wilke BJ, Schramm JW, D’Avanzo C, Anderson CW. 2011. College students’ understanding of the carbon cycle: contrasting principle-based and informal reasoning. BioScience 61: 65-75. [PDF available] from bioscience
Thinking like a biologist: Using diagnostic questions to help students to reason with biological principles (16 DQC sets of ~7 items each, MC, TF, open-ended) ITEMS PROVIDED
D'Avanzo C, Anderson CW, Griffith A, Merrill J. 2011. Thinking like a biologist. Using diagnostic questions to help students reason with biological principles. [The site at http://www.biodqc.org/ has Diagnostic Question Clusters (DQC's) organized by three ecological topics (Carbon Cycling, Energy Flow in Ecosystems, Climate Change), and by three biological processes; (Photosynthesis, Biosynthesis, Cellular Respiration) - with two DQCs each; plus one each DQC under topics Gasoline, Biofuels, Carbon in Nature, and Carbon Balance. Some items appear in more than one DQC.
EVOLUTION AND DEVELOPMENT
EvoDevoCI (MC and open ended items for 3 Exploratory Surveys and 6 Interview Question sets) ITEMS PROVIDED
Hiatt A, Davis GK, Trujillo C, Terry M, French DP, Price RM, Perez KE. 2013. Getting to Evo-Devo: Concepts and challenges for students learning evolutionary developmental biology. CBE Life Sciences Education 12: 494-508. doi:10.1187/cbe.12-11- 0203. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/abs/10.1187/cbe.12-11-0203
EvoDevoCI (11 MC items, 4 scenarios) ITEMS PROVIDED
Perez KE, Hiatt A, Davis GK, Trujillo C, French DP, Terry M, and Price RM. 2013. The EvoDevoCI: A Concept inventory for gauging students’ understanding of evolutionary developmental biology. CBE Life Sciences Education 12: 665-675. doi:10.1187/cbe.13-04-0079. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/abs/10.1187/cbe.13-04-0079
Basic Tree Thinking Assessment (two tests, 10 MC items each, diagrams) ITEMS PROVIDED
Baum DA, Smith SD, Donovan SSS. 2005. The tree-thinking challenge. Science 310: 979-980. [download PDF] from mcdb.colorado.edu
Dasgupta, A. P., Anderson, T. R., & Pelaez, N. J. (2016). Development of the neuron assessment for measuring biology students’ use of experimental design concepts and representations. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 15(2), ar10. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/10.1187/cbe.15-03-0077
Deane, T., Nomme, K., Jeffery, E., Pollock, C., & Birol, G. (2014). Development of the biological experimental design concept inventory (BEDCI). CBE-Life Sciences Education, 13(3), 540-551.https://www.lifescied.org/doi/10.1187/cbe.13-11-0218
Genetics Literacy Assessment Instrument (GLAI) (31 MC items) FOUR ITEMS PROVIDED in Bowling et al. Genetics 2008;
Bowling BV, Acra EE, Wang L, Myers MF, Dean GE, Markle GC, Moskalik CL, Huether CA. 2008. Development and evaluation of a genetics literacy assessment instrument for undergraduates. Genetics 178: 15-22. [download PDF] from nku.edu
Genetics Concept Assessment (GCA) (25 MC items, diagrams) ITEMS NOT PROVIDED
Smith MK, Wood WB, Knight JK. 2008. The genetics concept assessment: A new concept inventory for gauging student understanding of genetics CBE Life Science Education 7: 422-430. [additional future tests to be posted online at www.colorado.edu/sei/departments/mcdb_assessment.htm]
Genetics Diagnostic (13 two-tiered MC items, diagrams) ITEMS PROVIDED
Tsui CY, Treagust D. 2009. Evaluating secondary students’ scientific reasoning in genetics using a two-tier diagnostic instrument. International Journal of Science Education 32: 1073-1098. [download PDF] from springer.com
Genetic Drift Inventory (GeDI) (22 agree–disagree items) ITEMS PROVIDED
Price RM, Andrews TC, McElhinny TL, Mead LS, Abraham JK, Thanukos A, Perez KE. 2014. The Genetic Drift Inventory: A tool for measuring what advanced undergraduates have mastered about genetic drift. CBE Life Science Education 13: 65-75. doi:
Dominance Concept Inventory: Abraham, J. K., Perez, K. E., & Price, R. M. (2014). The Dominance Concept Inventory: a tool for assessing undergraduate student alternative conceptions about dominance in Mendelian and population genetics. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 13(2), 349-358. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/10.1187/cbe.13-08-0160
McFarland, J. L., Price, R. M., Wenderoth, M. P., Martinková, P., Cliff, W., Michael, J., ... & Wright, A. (2017). Development and validation of the homeostasis concept inventory. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 16(2), ar35. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/10.1187/cbe.16-10-0305
Host-Pathogen Interactions (HPI) (17 [18 noted in Marbach-Ad et al. 2009] two-tiered MC items) ITEMS NOT PROVIDED
Marbach-Ad G, Briken V, El-Sayed NM, Frauwirth K, Fredericksen B, Hutcheson S, Gao L-Y, Joseph SW, Lee V, McIver KS, Mosser D, Quimby BB, Shields P, Song W, Stein DC, Yuan RT, Smith AC. 2009. Assessing student understanding of host pathogen interactions using a concept inventory. Journal of Microbiology Education 10: 43-50. [HTML] from asm.org
Marbach-Ad G, McAdams KC, Benson S, Briken V, Cathcart L, Chase M, El-Sayed NM, Frauwirth K, Fredericksen B, Joseph SW, Lee V, McIver KS, Mosser D, Quimby BB, Shields P, Song W, Stein DC, Stewart R, Thompson KV, Smith AC. 2010. A model for using a concept inventory as a tool for students' assessment and faculty professional development. CBE Life Science Education 9: 408-416.
Biology Concept Inventory (BCI) (30 MC items) ITEMS PROVIDED ON-LINE at http://bioliteracy.colorado.edu/
Klymkowsky MW, Garvin-Doxas K, Zeilik M. 2003. Bioliteracy and teaching efficacy: What biologists can learn from physicists. Cell Biology Education 2: 155-161. doi: 10.1187/cbe.03-03-0014. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/abs/10.1187/cbe.03-03-0014
Garvin-Doxas K, Doxas I, Klymkowsky MW. 2008. Ed's Tools: A web-based software toolset for accelerated concept inventory construction. pp 130-140. In: Deeds, D & B Callen, editors; Proceedings of the National STEM Assessment Conference.
Measure of Understanding of Macroevolution (MUM) (28 items: 27 MC items, plus one open-ended item, diagrams) PROVIDED
Nadelson LS, Southerland SA. 2010. Development and preliminary evaluation of the Measure of Understanding of Macroevolution: Introducing the MUM. The Journal of Experimental Education 78: 151–190. [download PDF] from researchgate.net
Central Dogma: Newman, D. L., Snyder, C. W., Fisk, J. N., & Wright, L. K. (2016). Development of the central dogma concept inventory (CDCI) assessment tool. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 15(2), ar9. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/10.1187/cbe.15-06-0124
Lac Operon: Stefanski, K. M., Gardner, G. E., & Seipelt-Thiemann, R. L. (2016). Development of a Lac Operon Concept Inventory (LOCI). CBE-Life Sciences Education, 15(2), ar24.
https://www.lifescied.org/doi/10.1187/cbe.15-07-0162 Introductory Molecular and Cell Biology Assessment (IMCA) (24 MC items, diagrams) ITEMS PROVIDED
Shi J, Wood WB, Martin JM, Guild NA, Vicens Q, Knight JK. 2010. A diagnostic assessment for introductory molecular and cell biology. CBE Life Sciences Education 9: 453-461. doi: 10.1187/cbe.10-04-0055. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/abs/10.1187/cbe.10-04-0055
Molecular Biology Capstone Assessment: Couch, B. A., Wood, W. B., & Knight, J. K. (2015). The Molecular Biology Capstone Assessment: a concept assessment for upper-division molecular biology students. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 14(1), ar10. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/10.1187/cbe.14-04-0071
Molecular Life Sciences Concept Inventory (MLS) (26 MC items in trial reported in Wright and Hamilton 2008; 96 MC items addressing 10 “big ideas” in 6 modules on-line at , diagrams, scenarios) ITEMS AVAILABLE WITH REGISTRATION ON-LINE at www.lifescinventory.edu.au
Conceptual Inventory of Natural Selection (CINS) (20 MC items, scenarios) ITEMS PROVIDED
Anderson DL, Fisher KM, Norman JG. 2002. Development and validation of the conceptual inventory of natural selection. Journal of Research in Science Teaching 39: 952-978.
Kalinowski, S. T., Leonard, M. J., & Taper, M. L. (2016). Development and validation of the conceptual assessment of natural selection (CANS). CBE-Life Sciences Education, 15(4), ar64. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/10.1187/cbe.15-06-0134
OSMOSIS AND DIFFUSION
Diffusion and Osmosis Diagnostic Test (DODT) (12 two-tiered MC items, diagrams) ITEMS PROVIDED
Odom AL, Barrow LH. 1995. The development and application of a two-tiered diagnostic test measuring college biology students' understanding of diffusion and osmosis following a course of instruction. Journal of Research in Science Teaching 32: 45-61. [HTML] from wiley.com
Odom AL. 1995. Secondary and college biology students' misconceptions about diffusion and osmosis. American Biology Teacher 57: 409–415. [download PDF] from pbworks.com
Osmosis and diffusion conceptual assessment (ODCA) (8 two-tiered MC items, diagrams) ITEMS PROVIDED
PHOTOSYNTHESIS AND RESPIRATION
Photosynthesis and Respiration (13 two-tiered MC items, plus open ended) ITEMS NOT PROVIDED
Haslam F, Treagust DF. 1987. Diagnosing secondary students’ misconceptions of photosynthesis and respiration in plants using a two-tier multiple choice instrument. Journal of Biological Education 21: 203–211. [HTML] from Taylor and Francis online
Covalent Bonding and Photosynthesis test development ITEMS NOT PROVIDED
Treagust D. 1986. Evaluating students’ misconceptions by means of diagnostic multiple choice items. Journal of Research inbScience Education 16: 199-207. [download PDF] from springer.com
PLANT GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
Developmental Biology Content Survey (15 MC items) ITEMS PROVIDED
Knight JK, Wood WB. 2005. Teaching more by lecturing less. Cell Biology Education 4: 298-310. doi:10.1187/05-06-0082. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/abs/10.1187/05-06-0082
Stanhope, L., Ziegler, L., Haque, T., Le, L., Vinces, M., Davis, G. K., ... & Umbanhowar, C. (2017). Development of a Biological Science Quantitative Reasoning Exam (BioSQuaRE). CBE-Life Sciences Education, 16(4), ar66. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/full/10.1187/cbe.16-10-0301
Deane, T., Nomme, K., Jeffery, E., Pollock, C., & Birol, G. (2016). Development of the Statistical Reasoning in Biology Concept Inventory (SRBCI). CBE-Life Sciences Education, 15(1), ar5. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/10.1187/cbe.15-06-0131
Gormally, C., Brickman, P., & Lutz, M. (2012). Developing a test of scientific literacy skills (TOSLS): Measuring undergraduates’ evaluation of scientific information and arguments. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 11(4), 364-377.https://www.lifescied.org/doi/full/10.1187/cbe.12-03-0026
TRANSPORT IN PLANTS AND CIRCULATION IN HUMANS
Internal Transport in Plants and the Human Circulatory Systems (28 two-tiered MC items) ITEMS NOT PROVIDED
Wang JR. 2004. Development and validation of a two-tier instrument to examine understanding of internal transport in plants and the human circulatory system. International Journal of Science and Mathematics Education 2: 131–157. [abstract; HTML] from springer.com
Inventories for Assessing Students’ Perceptions About Biology (College-level)
Wiggins, B. L., Eddy, S. L., Wener-Fligner, L., Freisem, K., Grunspan, D. Z., Theobald, E. J., ... & Crowe, A. J. (2017). ASPECT: A survey to assess student perspective of engagement in an active-learning classroom. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 16(2), ar32. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/10.1187/cbe.16-08-0244
Student Course Engagement Questionnaire
(Handelsman et al. 2005)
23 Likert items assessing perceived skills engagement, participation/interaction engagement, emotional engagement, and performance engagement
Classroom Activities and Outcomes Survey (Terenzini et al. 2001)
24 Likert items rating progress in learning skills related to engineering or general scientific inquiry.
Student Assessment of Learning Gains (SALG) http://salgsite.org/(Seymour et al. 2000)
Multiple Likert items within 10 major categories rating gains in learning, skills, and attitudes due to components of a class
Survey of Undergraduate Research Experiences (SURE) (Lopatto 2004)
http://www.grinnell.edu/academic/csla/assessment/sure 20 Likert items assessing perceived learning gains as a result of participation in undergraduate research.
Undergrad Research Student Self-Assessment
http://www.colorado.edu/eer/research/undergradtools.html (Hunter et al. 2007)
Multiple Likert items assessing perceived gains in skills related to participation in research, yes/no questions categorizing specific experiences, and open response items.
Achievement Goal Questionnaire
(Elliot and Church 1997, Finney et al. 2004)
18 Likert items rating performance approach and avoidance goals, and mastery goals.
Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ)
http://www.indiana.edu/~p540alex/MSLQ.pdf (Pintrich Paul R. 1991, Pintrich P. R. et al. 1993)
31 Likert items assessing students' goals and value beliefs. 31 assessing use of learning strategies and 19 items concerning student management of learning resources.
Science Motivation Questionnaire (SMQ)
(Glynn et al. 2011)
30 Likert items comprising 6 components of motivation: intrinsic, extrinsic, relevance, responsibility, confidence, and anxiety.
College Biology Self Efficacy
(Baldwin et al. 1999)
23 Likert items indicating confidence in performing tasks related to biology courses and at home.
Biology Attitude Scale (Russell and Hollander 1975)
22 items: 14 Likert-type and 8 semantic differential measuring students’ perceptions of liking or disliking biology
Colorado Learning Attitudes about Science Survey (CLASS)- Biology https://www.lifescied.org/doi/abs/10.1187/cbe.10-10-0133
(Semsar et al. 2011) 31 Likert-type items for measuring novice-to-expert-like perceptions including enjoyment of the discipline, connections to the real world and underlying knowledge and problem-solving strategies.
Environmental Values Short Form(Zimmermann 1996)
31 Likert items assessing level of agreement with statements describing concern for different environmental issues
Survey of Teaching Beliefs and Practices for Undergraduates (STEP-U)
Marbach-Ad, G., Rietschel, C., & Thompson, K. V. (2016). Validation and Application of the Survey of Teaching Beliefs and Practices for Undergraduates (STEP-U): Identifying Factors Associated with Valuing Important Workplace Skills among Biology Students. CBE-Life Sciences Education, 15(4), ar59. https://www.lifescied.org/doi/10.1187/cbe.16-05-0164
Views About Sciences Survey (VASS)
http://modeling.asu.edu/R%26E/Research.html (Halloun and Hestenes 1996)
50 items: Students choose a value describing their position with regards to two alternate conclusions to a statement probing their views about knowing and learning science in three scientific and three cognitive dimensions.
Views on Science and Education (VOSE)
15 items for which several statements or claims are listed. Respondents choose their level of agreement to these series of predetermined statements/claims to provide reasoning behind their opinion.
Views on Science-Technology-Society (VOSTS) (Aikenhead and Ryan 1992)
114 Multiple-choice items that describe students’ view of the social nature of science and how science is conducted.